SPOUSES AND DEPENDENTS
- A spouse and dependents of an eligible veteran are entitled to burial in a national cemetery even if the veteran is not buried there.
- A spouse who remarries a nonveteran may claim burial rights from the prior marriage.
- Spouses receiving military pay and who die in a military medical facility are eligible for military transport to the nearest national cemetery or no farther than the last permanent residence.
- Adult children of veterans are entitled to burial benefits only if disabled and dependent.
OTHERS WHO MAY BE ELIGIBLE
There are a number of others eligible for veteran burial benefits if the person has provided military-related service. The list is quite long and includes civilians who were involved with military efforts during wartime. Members of the National Guard and Reserves with 20 years of service are eligible. Some public health service personnel are also eligible. You should inquire if you believe you might be entitled to such benefits.
PERSONS NOT ELIGIBLE
- Divorced spouses
- Adult children
- Parents, siblings, and others even if they are dependents
- Those with a dishonorable discharge
- Those convicted of subversive activities and capital crimes
Memorials are available to all veterans, spouses, and dependent children buried in a national cemetery and will be set without charge. For veterans who died before Sept. 11, 2001, markers are available to them—not to the spouse or dependents—for use in other cemeteries unless the grave has already been marked by a private memorial.
For veterans who died on or after Sept. 11, 2001, the government will provide a headstone even if the grave already has a private marker. The installation cost must be borne by the family when in a non-government cemetery. Several styles of markers are available and must be consistent with existing monuments. Niche markers for cremated remains are also available.
Inscription must include name, branch of service, year of birth, year of death (in this order) and may include emblem of belief, rank, and decorations earned. At private expense, additional items such as nicknames and terms of endearment may be added but must be approved by the VA.
MISCELLANEOUS BENEFITS & OTHER INFORMATION
You may not reserve space in a national cemetery ahead of time; arrangements are made only at the time of death. Therefore, there is no guarantee that spouses will be interred side by side.
Burials in a national cemetery are not usually conducted on weekends.
National cemeteries provide space for both body burial and cremated remains.
Check with the cemetery regarding gravesite adornments other than natural cut flowers.
Military honors or a funeral honor guard may be available from nearby military installations or veteran groups. Flyovers are reserved for those on active duty at the time of death.
A flag is provided on request for the burial of any veteran. Apply through the VA and pick up at a U.S. Post Office. Family members may wish to purchase a flag case for later display, available through private sources.
Next of kin other relatives or friends may request a “Presidential Memorial Certificate.” More than one may be requested.
A family may apply directly to the VA for all benefits. Although it may be convenient to let the undertaker do so, you may wish to ask if the mortician charges for submitting claims.
When the body of a veteran without next of kin is unclaimed from a VA facility and the estate is without sufficient assets, the VA will assume responsibility for burial.
Other than for sea burial, there are no casket requirements for routine body burial. An undertaker handling the unclaimed body of a veteran must supply something more durable than cardboard, unless the body is to be cremated.
“No-fee” passports are available for family visiting overseas grave sites or memorials.
The National Cemetery System may be asked to do a search to locate anyone interred in a national cemetery. In addition to general vital statistics, you will need to know the state from which the veteran entered military service.
There are state-run veteran cemeteries that may offer the same or similar benefits, with some restrictions.
- Must you also purchase another lot?
- Where is it located?
- How much will it cost? Is “perpetual care” additional?
- What are the costs for opening and closing each grave?
- Must certain memorials be purchased through the cemetery?
- What are the costs for setting memorials? Is a vault required? Even for cremated remains?
- May it be purchased elsewhere?
- Do marker or planting restrictions exist?
- What are the “administrative” charges? Who owns the cemetery?
- Are there nearby municipal or religious cemeteries which charge less for the same services
BURIAL AT SEA
Burial at sea or the scattering of cremated remains at sea is available to all veterans and dependents, and is provided by the Navy or U.S. Coast Guard. A flag is required, and—if supplied by the family—can be returned. If supplied by the Navy, it will not be.
Because sea burials are done at the convenience of the military, the family may not witness sea burial.
Bodies waiting for sea burial must be embalmed to a state of preservation that will last for at least 60 days. This is accomplished with undiluted embalming fluid.
A non-sealing metal casket must be used, bound with six bands of nylon. The casket must carry 150 lbs. of extra weight.
Two-inch holes (20 total) must be drilled in the top, bottom, and at each end.
To reach the regional VA office in your area, call 800-827-1000.